Reference Managers


A reference manager is the software you use to handle references and full-text documents, and citations while writing. References can be handled manually as well, but the reference manager allows for greater flexibility and efficiency.

These output styles can be used to automatically format the citations in the text as well as the reference list at the end of an article. The programs will automatically format your references in any style you choose, such as MLA, APA or the style of a particular journal.

- collect and organize references from many different resources into your own personal, searchable database
- create formatted bibliographies and reading lists
- develop lists of cited papers as footnotes or as endnotes at the conclusion of scholarly papers

Some widely used reference management and formatting software applications are:









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