Impact Factor: 0.000

eISSN: 2149-0481

ISSN: 2147-3498

Frequency: 2 issues

Manuscript Submission



Authors should carefully prepare their manuscripts in accordance with the following instructions: All manuscripts should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.; American Psychological Association [APA], 2010). Ultimately, authors should follow the guidelines set forth in the most recent edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). Consult the APA Publication Manual for specific guidelines regarding the format of the manuscript, abstract, citations and references, tables and figures, and other matters of editorial style. Tables and figures should be used only when essential. The journal does not publish footnotes or endnotes. Manuscripts that have been previously published or are forthcoming in an archival journal or book (print or electronic) are not eligible for submission. Manuscripts that under currently review at another journal (electronic or print) are also not eligible for submission.

Please use our Microsoft Word template if possible.

General Guidelines

Manuscript submissions must be in English. UK spellings for European articles; US spellings for North American articles. Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). This may not be sufficient if English is not your native language and substantial editing would be required. Authors who require information about language editing and copyediting services pre- and post-submission please visit Editing Services.

Manuscripts, which do not meet the novelty, significance, and competence criteria (Aims & Scope of the journal) will be returned to authors at any stage, at the discretion of the Editor.

All research needs to meet the ethical guidelines of its discipline, be original work and submission must be prepared for blind review (e.g., the complete text minus the title page, acknowledgements, and any running headers of author names, to allow blinded review). Authors are completely responsible for securing any copyrights necessary.

The text of articles reporting original research is usually divided into Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections.

Manuscripts are submitted as one document (.doc, .docx, or .rtf) and should be double-spaced with 1-inch margins and use 12-point Times New Roman font.

Initial submissions must include the following:

  • A cover letter (see below)
  • An anonymous version of the manuscript
  • A non-anonymous version of the manuscript
  • Additional files as appropriate.
  • Manuscripts should be compiled in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text; acknowledgments; appendices (as appropriate); references; table(s) with caption(s) (on individual pages); figure caption(s) (as a list).
  • Standard A4 (210mm x 297mm) portrait page set-up should be used. The left, right, top and bottom margins should be 1 in. (2.54 cm).

Cover letter

All cover letters must include the following information:

  • Title of manuscript
  • Type of article (i.e., full-length empirical article, etc.)
  • Word count of manuscript
  • Statements indicating (a) adherence to the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (see APA, 2002) and (b) that proper Institutional Review Board approval was obtained for all data collection involving human and animal participants. Please specify the institution that approved the research.
  • Names, addresses, affiliations, and contact information of all authors.


Types of articles

Original Research: This is the most common type of journal manuscript used to publish full reports of data from research. It may be called an Original Article, Research Article, Research, or just Article, depending on the journal. The Original Research format is suitable for many different fields and different types of studies. It includes full Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections. They should be written in as concise a style as possible but should still be accessible to the broad readership of Development. The total length of the article should not exceed 7000 words.

Review article: Review article provide a critical and constructive analysis of existing published literature in a field, through summary, analysis, and comparison, often-identifying specific gaps or problems and providing recommendations for future research. For narrative reviews or literature reviews, the length could range anywhere between 8000 to 40,000 words while systematic reviews are usually less than 10,000 words long.

Case Studies: These articles report specific instances of interesting phenomena. A goal of Case Studies is to make other researchers aware of the possibility that a specific phenomenon might occur. This type of study is often used in medicine to report the occurrence of previously unknown or emerging pathologies.

Brief empirical articles: No more than 5000 words excluding title page, abstract, references, tables, and appendices.

Integrative literature reviews: No more than 10,000 words excluding title page, abstract, references, and appendices. Lengthier reviews or meta-analyses will be considered at the discretion of the editors.

Book reviews: No more than 1000 words, not including title page, abstract, and references.

Perspectives: Perspectives are brief reviews (maximum 2,000 words) that offer a succinct overview of a specific topic with an emphasis on opinion and synthesis. Authors should provide an abstract of 150 words or fewer. The body of a Perspectives article may have section headings and/or paragraph lead-ins.

Editorials: Editorials (maximum 500 words) communicated by members of the Board of Editors address issues of science, politics, or policy. Editorials should include an abstract of 150 words or fewer.

Techniques and Resources articles/Reports: Techniques and Resources Articles or Reports describe a novel technique, a substantial advance of an existing technique, or a new resource that will have a significant impact on developmental biology research. Techniques and Resources papers can be in short (Research Report) or long (Research Article) format, follow the standard formats of these articles, as described above, and are always peer reviewed.


Title Page

The title page should contain the article title, author(s), institution/affiliation, and country. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. If any of the named co-authors moves affiliation during the peer review process, the new affiliation can be given as a footnote.

This title page document should contain the article title, the names and affiliations of all coauthors, author notes or acknowledgments, and complete contact information of the corresponding author who will review page proofs (including complete mailing address and e-mail) in the following format:

Author(s) Name only (i.e., no degrees or position titles listed), Department Name, University Name, at City (if applicable). Author Name is now at Department Name, University Name, at City (if changed from above listing). Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Author Name, full mailing (including street or PO Box) address, City, State (using postal abbreviation), zip code (e-mail:


This should not exceed 60 characters, including spaces.

Title should not be complete sentences. The title is to be written in 12 pt. Times New Roman font, centered and using the bold and "Small Caps" formats.

Titles are often used in information retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formula where possible.


Abstract of 150-250 words that states concisely the goals, methods, principal results, and conclusions of the paper.

The text must be fully justified, with a 12 pt. paragraph spacing following the last line. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.

Immediately after the abstract, provide five to eight keywords, with the exception of Book Reviews, which do not need keywords or abstracts.


The Keywords section begins with the word, "Keywords" in 12 pt. Times New Roman, bold italics, and “Small Caps" font with a 6pt. spacing following.

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of').

Main Text

The target word count is 6000 words 15 pages in length (all text, including notes, figures, references, tables, charts, etc.). Word length is a maximum of 8,000 excluding tables and appendices.

Main-body text is to written in fully (1.5 lines) justified 12 pt. Times New Roman font with a 6pt. (paragraph) line spacing following the last line of each paragraph, but a 12pt. (paragraph) line spacing following the last paragraph.

Empirical articles should have clearly delineated sections including the Introduction, Method, Results, and Discussion. Use Level 1 headers for the above. Sub-sections should use Level 2 and Level 3 headers as appropriate.

Theoretical articles should have clearly delineated sections consistent with the content and organization of the manuscript. The main text should be organized such that background information and new findings follow on from each other in a clear and logical way.

Concepts and models should be introduced and explained for non-specialists and the implications of recent findings set into the context of the field as a whole. Please use short subheadings to break up the text and to help readers to navigate through the article.

Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar. Do not indent paragraphs.

Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages. Use the equation editor or MathType for equations and math formulas.

Section and sub-section headings

Section headings are numbered 1. Xxx, 2. Yyy, etc. in 12 pt. bold “Small Caps” Times New Roman font with a 6 pt. line spacing following.

Subsection headings are numbered 1.1. Aaa, 1.2. Bbb, etc. in 12 pt. bold Times New Roman font with a 6 pt line spacing following.

Please do not use automatically number in headings and sub-headings.


Tables capture information concisely and display it efficiently; they also provide information at any desired level of detail and precision. Including data in tables rather than text frequently makes it possible to reduce the length of the text.

Prepare tables according to the specific journal's requirements; to avoid errors it is best if tables can be directly imported into the journal's publication software. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a title for each.

Titles in tables should be short but self-explanatory, containing information that allows readers to understand the table's content without having to go back to the text. Be sure that each table is cited in the text.

Ideally, submit your figures in TIFF or EPS format.

All tables and figures should be numbered consecutively and cited in the text (as Table 1. Figure 1. etc.).  Do not allow tables or figures to exceed 35 picas (5 in) in width or 51 picas (8 in) in length.

All tables and figures are numbered 1.1. Aaa, 1.2. Bbb, etc. in 10 pt. bold Times New Roman font with a 6 pt line spacing following.


Illustrations submitted (line drawings, halftones, photos, photomicrographs, etc.) should be clean originals or digital files.

Figure legends should be double-spaced in numerical order. No single legend should be longer than about 200 words.

All inserts, figures, diagrams, photographs and tables must be center-aligned, clear and appropriate for black/white or gray scale reproduction.

Nomenclature, abbreviations, symbols, and units used in a figure should match those used in the text. The figure title should be given as the first line of the legend. Any individually labeled figure parts or panels (A, B, etc.) should be specifically described by part name within the legend.

Bar graphs, simple line graphs, and gels may be reduced to a smaller width. Symbols and lettering should be large enough to be legible after reduction.

Avoid wide variation in type size within a single figure. In the printed version of the figure, letters should be about 7 points (2 mm) high, and not smaller than 5 points. High-resolution images can be included as supporting online material.

Resolution requirements apply: EPS: Embed the font or save the text as 'graphics'. TIFF: The resolution should be in 300 DPI. For line-art, vector format is preferable. Otherwise, the resolution should be 1200 DPI. All tables, figures, appendices and endnotes should be placed after the references.

All figures, tables, etc. must have a caption, center-justified in 11 pt. Times New Roman. Captions precede tables but follow figures. Tables and figures must appear as close to their point of reference as satisfactory formatting of the final document permits.


Number equations consecutively with equation numbers in parentheses flush with the right margin, as in (1). First use the equation editor to create the equation. Then select the “Equation” markup style.

Press the tab key and write the equation number in parentheses. To make your equations more compact, you may use the solidus ( / ), the exp function, or appropriate exponents.

Schemes (e.g., structural chemical formulas) can have very brief legends or no legend at all. Schemes should be sequentially numbered in the same fashion as figures.


An (unnumbered) acknowledgements section may be inserted if required. Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list.



As per the APA Publication Manual 6th edition (p. 37-38), content footnotes should supplement or amplify information provided in the text and should not include complicated, irrelevant, or nonessential information.

A content footnote should convey just one idea.

Copyright permission footnotes acknowedge the source of lengthy quotations, scale and test items, and figures and tables that have been reprinted or adapted. Copyright permission footnotes for tables and figures are provided in the table note or in the figure caption (see p. 38 of the APA manual.

Number all footnotes consecutively in the order in which they appear in the manuscript.

Footnote numbers should be superscripted, following any punctuation mark except a dash.

Use the footnote function in your work-processing program to place each footnote at the botton of the page on which it is discussed. Alternatively, footnotes may be placed in consecutive order on a separate page after the references. Be sure the footnote number corresponds with the appropriate text discussion.

Footnotes placed at the botton of the page should be in 10 pt. font, single-spaced and be preceded by a footnote number corresponding to the footnote number cited in the body of the manuscript. Excessively long footnotes are probably bettered handled in an appendix.



References must conform to standards set by the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).

All references listed in the References list must appear in text, and all references cited in the text must appear in the References list.

Authors will be required to ensure their manuscripts conform to this style upon final submission if accepted.

Please refer directly to the Publication Manual for specific guidance on citing peer reviewed sources, books, electronic sources, etc.


Ethics Approvals

Where applicable, manuscripts must contain acknowledgement of institutional review board approval for the study. Appropriate credit must also be given (on the title page, in the form of an author note) to funding sources for sponsored research.



Plagiarism is defined as the use of intellectual material produced by another person without acknowledging its source, which includes:

  • Copying passages from works of others without acknowledgment;
  • Using the views, opinions, or insights of another without acknowledgment;
  • Paraphrasing another person’s characteristic or original phraseology, metaphor, or other literary device without acknowledgment.
  • Authors are encouraged to review their manuscripts carefully for potential plagiarism. Previous published work used by the author must be appropriately cited as such consistent with citation requirements.


Manuscripts are to be submitted online. No other form of submission is accepted. Use the following guidelines to present and submit your article.

Manuscripts are submitted via the Editorg System page of this journal, You will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files.

Please do NOT send as hardcopy or by e-mail attachment. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.



Authors are required to obtain written permission for the use of any table, figure, or extensive text extract (more than 50 words) from a source that is owned or copyrighted by a party other than the author.

This requirement pertains to both direct reproduction and derivative reproduction when the author has created a new table or figure that was derived substantially from a copyrighted source. A statement of permission must be included in the Figure Caption (for a Figure) or in a Note (for a Table). A copy of the publisher’s written permission must be provided to the editor immediately upon acceptance for publication.

The submitted manuscripts, which are accepted, are published after the “Copyright License Agreement” is signed by the author(s) and sent to the Main Editorial Office. This transfer agreement enables MacroWorld to protect the copyrighted material for the authors, but does not relinquish the authors’ proprietary rights. The copyright transfer covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, photographic reproductions, microfilm or any other reproductions of similar nature and translations.